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Lesson 6 - 6

Even more perfect!

Wait...a party pooper is in the house. First we have to look at the irregular verbs, and those are never easy (bah!).

We'll use a new column in our verb tables, so the perfect form of the verb is found in the rightmost column (marked with the bouncing arrow in this case):


to be å være er var vært
to be called å hete heter het hett
to see / watch å se ser sett
to walk / go å gå går gikk gått
to say å si sier sa sagt
to do å gjøre gjør gjorde gjort
to drink å drikke drikker drakk drukket
to go (travel) å dra drar dro dratt
to ask å spørre spør spurte spurt
to get / recieve å få får fikk fått

Pffff...that's a lot to learn. Sorry.

Now to the piece of cake we promised you.

Recall that the verbs can be placed in three different groups according to the suffix they take in the past tense:
-te, -et and -dde.

The perfect form of the -te verbs is with just -t:

to learn å lære lærer lærte lært
to eat å spise spiser spiste spist
to play å spille spiller spilte spilt
to like å like liker likte likt
to buy å kjøpe kjøper kjøpte kjøpt
to read å lese leser leste lest

The verbs that end with -et in the past tense are exactly the same in the perfect tense!

to speak / talk å snakke snakker snakket snakket
to love å elske elsker elsket elsket

And, finally, the -dde verbs end with just -dd or -tt in their perfect form (that's another small irregularity):

to live å bo bor bodde bodd
to have å ha har hadde hatt

Okay, let's look at a few examples of how this works then. It's actually exactly like in English. Remember we have this schema:

har + another verb

That gives us for instance:

Jeg har spist. = I have eaten.

Vi har snakket norsk. = We have spoken Norwegian.

De har sett oss. = They have seen us.

Kari har hatt et hus. = Kari has had a house.

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